Private Pilot Licence (Aeroplanes)
Pilots wishing to fly simple single engine aeroplanes have 4 choices.
Firstly, they may take a course leading to an UK National Private Pilot Licence, which has the least demanding a Medical Declaration, but is restricted to day flight in UK airspace including the Channel Islands. This is likely to be favoured by those with medical conditions.
Secondly, they may take a course leading to a CAA Private Pilot Licence for use only with Annex 2 Aeroplanes –old historic aeroplanes, limited to UK airspace, but can have ratings such as Night and IR added to it. New owners of rare historic aeroplanes might take this route.
Thirdly, they may take a course leading the EASA Light Aeroplane Pilot Licence, which requires an EASA LAPL medical certificate and is restricted to day flights, anywhere in Europe, with an aeroplane upto 2000Kg and upto 3 passengers. This page is focussed on this LAPL. The lowest cost option along with NPPL.
Fourthly, they may take a course leading to a full EASA Private Pilot Licence, which requires an EASA Class 2 Medical, but is valid worldwide, and can have additional ratings such as Night, IMC, En route IR, Mountain, Banner Towing, Aerobatic, Instructor and others added to it.
Applicants for an EASA PPL(A) must be 17 years old, proficient in English Language at Level 4-6, and have an EASA Class 2 Medical Certificate.
There are 3 components, flight training, theoretical ground training and written tests, and a flight test:
Applicants for an PPL(A) will complete at least 45 hours of flight
instruction on aeroplanes or TMGs, including at least:
(1) 25 hours of dual flight instruction in the class in which the skill test will be
(2) 10 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 5 hours of solo
cross-country flight time with at least 1 cross-country flight of at least
270 km (150 NM), during which 2 full stop landing at an aerodromeS different
from the aerodrome of departure shall be made.
Applicants with prior experience as PIC may be credited towards the requirements above, subject to ATO assessment based on a pre entry flight test, but shall in any case not exceed the total flight time as PIC, or 50% of the hours required, and exclude the solo time requirement.
Applicants for an PPL(A) shall demonstrate a level of theoretical knowledge
appropriate to the privileges granted, through examinations on the following:
(a) common subjects:
— Air law,
— Human performance,
— Meteorology, and
(b) specific subjects concerning the different aircraft categories:
— Principles of flight,
— Operational procedures,
— Flight performance and planning,
— Aircraft general knowledge, and
Applicants for an PPL(A) shall demonstrate through the completion of a skill test the ability to perform, as PIC aeroplanes, the relevant procedures and manoeuvres with competency appropriate to the privileges granted.
The course will begin with an assessment, and then an outline program. The basic flight lesson structure will follow the theme of a short briefing, followed by an instructional flight, followed by a debrief. The theory training will generally comprise a long briefing followed by home study, then a mock exam, revision training, and then the actual exam.
The briefing is followed by a familiarisation flight of about one hour to allow you to get acclimatised to the new conditions, and concluding with a few circuits. Subsequent flights will involve navigating and circuits until the student is deemed to be at a standard acceptable to permit supervised solo flight.
Privileges of the PPL(A) Qualification
The privileges of the holder of an PPL for aeroplanes are to act as PIC on single engine piston aeroplanes-land or SEA ( depending on class), but not to receive renumeration except for instructing. However as type ratings are required for larger and more complex aircraft effectively the maximum certificated take-off mass is 5700 kg.
Holders of a PPL cannot fly at nigh unleass they have a night rating.
Alos holders of a PPL cannot fly in Instrument conditions ( visbility lesss than 3 KM)unless they hold an Instrument rating ( IR) or an Instrument Rating Restricted (IRR) – latter is the old UK IMC rating.
Revalidation requires 12 Flight hours and 12 take off and landings within the last 12 months including 1 hour refresher training with an Instructor, otherwise a Flight Test with an Examiner is required.